TARGETS AND ACHIEVEMENT
a) Augmentation of Water Supply to Dimapur Town and Extended Colonies.
Dimapur Town is rapidly expanding between Old Dimapur Town and Chumukedima NAP H.Q. The future greater Dimapur town is headed for expansion towards these extended colonies. To meet the water demand of the projected future population of 1,30,000 from the present existing population of 48,000 (1998), the proposed water supply scheme is estimated at Rs. 1867.00 lakhs out of which Rs. 1333.00 lakhs has already been funded by the Government of India under Non –Lapsable Pool of Central Resources. The Project costs is estimated at the year 2000 price level and is designed to provide 100 lpcd (litres per capita per day). Budget provision earmarked for the Scheme during 2002-03 is Rs.534.00 lakhs under Negotiated Loan (HUDCO) of the State Plan. The total anticipated expenditure upto 31/3/2003 is Rs.1577.00 lakhs. The first phase of the Project was commissioned on 1st March/2002. The remaining phase consists of laying and fixing distribution lines, metering systems, etc. on completion of which the Project will be completed in all respects.
b)Augmentation of Water Supply to Kohima Town by Gravity flow from Dzükou and Dzüna river.
A Survey has been conducted to find out the possibility of tapping water from Dzüna Rivers and has been found to be feasible. This Project envisages for a 975 million litre capacity Balancing Reservoir to store the surplus monsoon run-off water from Dzüna river. This will, to a large extent supplement the deficiency during lean season. The estimated project cost is Rs. 33.97 crore at 2003 price levels. The project has been approved and sanctioned recently by the Urban Development Ministry.
c) Augmentation of Water Supply to Mokokchung Town :
Due to problems faced by the present water supply system by pumping from Dikhu River to Mokokchung Town, a project to augment water supply to Mokokchung town by Gravity from Tichipami source with an estimated cost of Rs. 1000.53 lakhs has been taken up. A budget provision of Rs. 192.00 lakhs under Negotiated Loan (HUDCO) is ear marked during 2002 –03. Anticipated expenditure up to 31/3/2003 is Rs. 800.00 lakhs and is anticipated to be completed and commissioned by June/2004.
Accelerated Urban Water Supply Programme for Medium Towns (Below 20,000 Population as per 1991 Census).
(i) Augmentation of Water Supply to Mon Town :-
The project has been sanctioned at an estimated cost of Rs. 653.00 lakhs. The expenditure up to March 2003 is Rs. 569.901 lakhs. The project has been completed and is expected to be inaugurated shortly. The scheme will deliver purified water at the rate of 60 litres per capita per day (lpcd) for a design population of 13000.
(ii) Augmentation of Water Supply to Zunheboto Town :
The project has been sanctioned at an estimated cost of Rs. 959.00 lakhs. Budget provision kept for the year 2002 –03 is Rs. 30.00 lakhs under AUWSP. The anticipated expenditure up to March 2003 is Rs.904.00 lakhs The project was commissioned on 18th May/2001. The Scheme is designed to deliver purified water at the rate of 70 litres per capita per day to a population of 17,800. Extension of distribution lines and introduction of metering system is in progress.
(iii) Augmentation of Water Supply to Wokha Town :
This project has been sanctioned at an estimated cost of Rs. 351.30 lakhs. Budget provision during 2002 –03 is Rs. 0.22 lakhs. The anticipated expenditure up to March 2003 is Rs.189.47 lakhs The project is expected to be completed by March/2005. Once completed, the Scheme can deliver purified water at the rate of 50 litres per capita per day (lpcd) to a total design population of 20,000.
During the year 2002 –03 the Department took up a total of 170 villages/habitations under PMGY for providing water supply, out of which 98 are targeted to be completed during the year benefiting a total population of 77878. The budget provision kept for this during the year is Rs. 2161.00 lakhs.
Under ARWSP (C.S.S.), the Department took up a total of 179 villages/habitations , out of which 155 are targeted to be completed during the year benefiting a total population of 124650.
ELEVENTH FINANCE COMMISSION.
For providing Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting System to both Rural and Urban Towns, a budget provision of Rs. 116.00 lakhs was kept under EFC Award during 2002 –03. The Department anticipates construction of a total of 430 units for benefiting a population of 3010 during the year.
AUXILIARY PROGRAMME :
The Auxiliary Programmes are Monitoring and Investigation (M&I), Human Resources Development (HRD), Information Education and Communication (IEC), Management Information System (MIS) and Research and Development (R&D). These programmes are required for enhancing the efficiency of the main programmes of the Department. A budget provision of Rs. 148.00 lakhs have been kept during 2002 –03 . Performance of these Cells are satisfactory.
Sources of revenue of the Department are : Water Tax, House rent and Professional tax from PHED Employees, and royalties. Total anticipated revenue collection of the Department during the year 2002-03 is Rs. 300.00 lakhs.
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE (O&M) OF WATER SUPPLY ASSETS.
Operation and Maintenance of all existing water supply system in both Urban and Rural areas of the State are looked after by the Department. In total, there are 9 Urban towns and 1376 Rural villages/habitations in the State out of which of 1304 villages/habitations have been already fully partially covered with water supply facility as on 1/4/2003. The Department has been taking responsibility for looking after the O&M of W/S systems in these villages/ habitations. The O&M costs include wages of maintenance staff, electrical energy charges, repair & replacement of pump sets , pipelines and other created assets, chemicals for water treatment, etc. Earlier, the Department was able to meet these costs with the annual Non-Plan allocations for the Department. However, of late , due to meager budget allocation under non-plan and high figure of w/c wages, the Department has not been getting any fund for attending to all of these normal maintenance works. Instead, the Plan works are getting heavily taxed as the Department has no other choice but to keep paying its w/c employees numbering about 6500 whose total annual wages come to about Rs 19.50 crores annually. Recently PHED has implemented an innovative voluntary retirement scheme with an outlay of Rs. 33 crore. 3,143 w/c employees have availed of benefits under this scheme. This will reduce the annual w/c wage bill by about Rs. 9.35 crore.
COMMUNITISATION OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY
In keeping with the policy of Communitization, the Department has also started to make preparations for handing over of all completed w/s systems to village authorities so that the villagers look after their own w/s systems. The Operations and Maintenance of such schemes will be undertaken by the Village level WATSAN COMMITTEES who will be selected by the Villagers themselves. Comprehensive Rules on Communitisation have been approved by the Government and notified in October,2003. The process of handing over of the w/s systems will be successful once the desired level of capacity building is imparted in the beneficiaries. The IEC Cell of the Department is actively working on this.
During the year 2003-04, a budget provision of Rs. 40.00 lakhs has been kept under State Plan for Sanitation. Out of this Rs. 30 lakh has been provided as State share for the ongoing Total Sanitation Campaign Projects at Dimapur, Kohima, Mokokchung and Zunheboto.
BUILDING PROGRAMME :
Functional buildings were constructed for Housing S.D.O. and Executive Engineer Offices at two PHE Divisions during the year, viz – at Kohima and Mokokchung. The constructions also included facilities for Housing Offices of two PHE Circles, ie Kohima PHE Circles No. I & No. II. The facilities are intended to save Government expenditure considerably by doing away with rented office buildings.
The Hon’ble Prime Minister of India had launched the Swajaldhara Scheme for rural water supply on 25th December, 2002. The guidelines were revised in June, 2003. This Scheme envisages for a minimum beneficiary’s contribution of 5% of the total Project cost in cash and 5% in kind(in Scheduled Tribe areas). The remaining part of the cost will be borne by the Government of India. The Project will be implemented by the Village Councils/Beneficiary Groups with technical and administrative support of the PHE Department. During 2003-04 an amount of Rs. 130 lakh has been allocated to the State for implementing Swajaldhara schemes. 9 schemes are under implementation in Dimapur (1), Tuensang (5) and Zunheboto (3) districts.